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Oncotarget | Nectin-4 Widely Expressed in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

“​​In this study, we aimed to determine the rate of Nectin-4 positivity in a contemporary cohort of HNSCC and to correlate these findings with clinico-pathological parameters.”

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BUFFALO, NY- November 3, 2022 – A new research paper was published in Oncotarget’s Volume 13 on October 20, 2022, entitled, “Nectin-4 is widely expressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.”

Nectin-4 has been successfully established as a target molecule in locally advanced and metastatic bladder cancer. An antibody-drug conjugate (enfortumab-vedotin) directed against nectin-4 has shown marked tumor remission rates in this tumor type, which is known for high expression rates of nectin-4. 

As head and neck cancer and urothelial carcinomas share morphological and molecular similarities, researchers Christine Sanders, Jan-Frederic Lau, Dimo Dietrich, Sebastian Strieth, Peter Brossart, and Glen Kristiansen from University Medical Center Bonn and University Hospital Bonn aimed to evaluate Nectin-4 expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

A previously described and clinically characterized cohort of HNSCC (n = 159) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry for Nectin-4 expression. The expression data was correlated to clinico-pathological parameters including patient outcome.

Nectin-4 was found in 86.2% of HNSCC, with medium/high expression seen in 32.7% of cases. Non smokers and p16 positive HNSCC showed a higher expression of Nectin-4 (p < 0.005). There was no correlation of Nectin-4 with grading or tumor stage. Nectin-4 positive tumors showed significantly better survival (log rank p = 0.006).

“Similar to urothelial carcinoma, Nectin-4 is found in the majority of HNSCC, which clearly warrants further studies to clarify if HNSCC also respond to targeted therapy with enfortumab-vedotin. Moreover, expression of Nectin-4 is associated with HPV infection and may serve as a prognostic marker in HNSCC.”

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.28299 

Correspondence to: Glen Kristiansen – glen.kristiansen@ukbonn.de 

Keywords: Nectin-4, enfortumab-vedotin, HNSCC, p16

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About Oncotarget:

Oncotarget (a primarily oncology-focused, peer-reviewed, open access journal) aims to maximize research impact through insightful peer-review; eliminate borders between specialties by linking different fields of oncology, cancer research and biomedical sciences; and foster application of basic and clinical science.

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