“[…] p53 acts in concert with other genes that alter the penetrance of tumor phenotypes and the modifiers differ among tissues.”
BUFFALO, NY- October 25, 2023 – A new editorial perspective was published in Oncotarget’s Volume 14 on March 24, 2023, entitled, “Genetic modifiers of p53: opportunities for breast cancer therapies.”
Each day our cells encounter a wide range of genomic damage and the p53 protein arbitrates decisions of cell cycle arrest to allow repair of DNA or promote elimination of cells with malignant potential through apoptosis. In this new editorial perspective, researchers Prabin Dhangada Majhi, Aman Sharma and D. Joseph Jerry from the University of Massachusetts, Pioneer Valley Life Sciences Institute and Rays of Hope Center for Breast Cancer Research discuss TP53 mutations.
The prevalence of TP53 mutations in nearly all tumors emphasizes its role as a formidable barrier that must be breached to allow oncogenic transformation. Inherited mutations in TP53 are also the primary genetic lesions found in Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS), a familial cancer predisposition characterized by tumors in many tissues. However, tissues are not all equally vulnerable to disruptions in p53 function.
Among women with inherited mutations in TP53, breast cancer is by far the most common tumor (Figure 1). Somatic mutations in TP53 are also prevalent in sporadic breast cancers, especially in the triple-negative subtype. The proportion rises to nearly 50% of breast cancers that exhibit impaired function of the p53 pathway based on gene expression signatures as a surrogate biomarker of p53 activity. Therefore, the breast epithelium appears to be uniquely sensitive to alterations in p53 function.
“Genomewide association studies (GWAS) have identified over 300 polymorphisms that contribute to breast cancer risk [38–41]. These provide a rich resource of candidate polymorphisms that may modify the consequences of mutations in TP53.”
Read the full paper: DOI: https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.28387
Correspondence to: D. Joseph Jerry
Keywords: p53, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, genetic modifiers, breast cancer, DNA repair
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